Pakistan receives $1b from ADB, World Bank

Pakistan receives $1b from ADB, World Bank

State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) has received $1 billion today (Wednesday) – $500 million each from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the World Bank,” the central bank announced on Twitter.

According to the Express Tribune, the fresh loans will be used to overcome the shortfall in budgeted expenditures, mainly on health and socio-economic fronts, and to better fight the coronavirus pandemic. 

The receipt will improve the SBP’s foreign currency reserves to over $11 billion or equivalent to almost four months of import cover compared to 3.6 months of import cover earlier.

Pakistan is expected to receive another $500 million in loan from the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) soon.

The country signed agreements for $500 million worth of loan from each of the three international financial institutions in the presence of Prime Minister Imran Khan last week.

There is no condition for Pakistan as to how it will utilise the loans. The aim of the concessionary loans is to enable the country to employ all the resources to effectively combat the coronavirus pandemic, improve the life of common man, support businesses and revive economic activities.

Earlier, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), which provided an emergency loan of $1.4 billion to fight against the Covid-19 in April, in addition to the ongoing $6-billion loan programme, supported Pakistanto utilize all the resources to improve its international payment capability and finance the budgeted expenditures.

Fitch Ratings said in comments last week that Pakistan’s debt-to-gross domestic product (GDP) ratio would reach 89% and would inflate its fiscal deficit to 9.5% of GDP in the outgoing fiscal year and 8.2% in the next fiscal year. It projected a higher fiscal deficit compared to government’s estimate of 9.1% for FY20 and 7% for FY21.

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Gwadar (گوادر) pronounced [ɡʷɑːd̪əɾ] is a port city on the southwestern coast of Balochistan,Pakistan and has an ancient history as early as the bronze age. Gwadar in Balochi language is a combination of two words Gwat meaning “wind” and Dar meaning “Gateway” Gwadar means “Gateway of Winds”. The ancient name of Balochistan is Makran which derived from the ancient Persian phrase “Mahi khoran” and the Persian empires ruled on Balochistan region. Achaemenid Persian Empire ruled in Balochistan for a long time. Gwadar was Conquered by the Persian Empire “Cyrus the great”Alexander’s Admiral Nearchus While homeward march stated that ” Travelling along Makran coast it was dry, surrounded by mountains and inhabited by “fish eaters”. After Alexander’s general Seleucus Nicator, the region was ruled by Mauryan around 303 BCE after peace agreement of Seleucus with Emperor Chandragupta and was ceded to the Mauryans.